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Two-Spirit, or Two Spirit, is the modern English umbrella term for MOGII identities and gender roles that are part of hundreds of Native American cultures. In 1990, the Native American/First Nations gay and lesbian conference agreed to choose Two-Spirit as an English umbrella term for some gender roles unique to Native American cultures. They saw it as a better alternative to other, more problematic English labels that Westerners had applied to these gender roles, such as "berdache" and "third gender."
People who are not Native American are not entitled to call themselves Two-Spirit. That would be cultural appropriation. People who aren't Native should instead consider using labels that are available to anyone, such as bigender, nonbinary, or many of the other labels in the list of nonbinary identities.
"Two-spirit" was one of the 56 genders made available on Facebook in 2014.
This wiki is not Wikipedia (see Wikipedia's article on Two-Spirit), and therefore a complete exploration of Two-Spirit identity may be outside our own wiki's scope. However, this wiki can focus on addressing the specifically nonbinary aspects of Two-Spirit identities.
- "Two-Spirit." Wikipedia. Retrieved November 29, 2014. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Two-Spirit
- Eve Shapiro, Gender circuits: Bodies and identities in a technological age. Unpaged.