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Sexism is discrimination against people based on their sex, gender, or perceived characteristics thereof. There are more kinds of sexism than misogyny. Several kinds of sexism are obstacles in the way of activism for non-binary recognition in particular, and of transgender rights in general.


Misogyny is sexist discrimination against women. Misogyny takes the form of institutional oppression in certain societies, in which it's built into the culture, making trouble for women every day. This kind of institutional oppression takes the form of difficulty in legally obtaining certain human rights (such as the ability to vote, own property, or have legal personhood). Pay equality has been an issue in more developed countries, but has been addressed by laws such as the U.S. Equal Pay Act of 1963.

Sometimes misogyny gets directed at people even though they don't identify as women, called misdirected misogyny.


Misandry is sexist discrimination against men. While not as prevalent culturally as misogyny, it is more prominent in court; male criminals are commonly given harsher sentences than women for any given crime, men are less likely to win custody battles, and female defendants are rarely charged in cases of sexual abuse.[1]

Sometimes misandry gets directed at people even though they don't identify as men, called misdirected misandry.

Biological essentialism

The form of sexism called biological essentialism is the belief that your body is the main thing that makes you who you are. It is supposed to define you forever, no matter what you change about yourself, think about yourself, or anything. It says the gender you were assigned at birth must be your only real gender. Biological essentialism is used to justify most forms of sexism. It is harmful to virtually everyone, of any sex or gender.

Cissexism and transphobia

See main article: Cissexism.

Cissexism and transphobia are discrimination against transgender people. It has several forms, including binarism, which affects non-binary people. Transgender women are affected by a combination of misogyny and transphobia, called trans-misogyny.


See main article: Dyadism.


See also: Activism and Feminism.