List of nonbinary identities

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CONTENT WARNING!!
This article mentions some identities with names that are reclaimed slurs, and some words that have been seen as offensive or hate speech, if you are not comfortable with reading this, we do not recommend you to read this article.

This alphabetical list of nonbinary identities gives names of many kinds of gender identities that are nonbinary. That is, those other than just female and male, which are the binary genders. This list gives names for nonbinary identities in English-speaking cultures, as well as gender-variant identities that are part of other cultures. (Regarding the latter, please never use a name for your gender that belongs only to a closed culture or ethnic group that is not yours.) Some of these words for nonbinary genders have been used in writing for thousands of years. Meanwhile, some of these words were created last year.

This article only lists identities that demonstrate notability and cite sources (telling who coined them, when, and showing that they have been in use by more than a few people). Entries that don't currently meet those standards are given in a different article, list of poorly-attested nonbinary identities.


A

Shown here live at Øyafestivalen 2013, Raeen Roes, better known by their stage name Angel Haze, is a well known rapper who came out as agender in 2015.
  • agender. 1. Some who call themselves agender have no gender identity (genderless). 2. Some who call themselves agender have a gender identity, which isn't female or male, but neutral.[1] In cassolotl's Nonbinary Stats Survey 2013, 445 respondents identified as agender. In cassolotl's Nonbinary Stats Survey 2016, 944 respondents identified as agender.
  • androgyne. This word is used for a wide variety of gender nonconforming and non-binary gender identities and gender expressions.[1] Number of survey respondents who identified as androgyne: 346 in Nonbinary Stats Survey 2013, and 380 in Nonbinary Stats Survey 2016.

B

Sworn virgin in Rapsha, Hoti, Ottoman Albania, at the beginning of the 20th century.
  • bigender, or bi-gender.[1] Bigender individuals have two gender identities, at the same time, or at different times.[2] These two genders might be female and male. Number of bigender survey respondents: 137 in Nonbinary Stats Survey 2013, and 123 in Nonbinary Stats Survey 2016.
  • burrnesha, or sworn virgins. In Albania, the Burrnesha are people assigned female at birth who have a masculine gender expression and role, and were traditionally considered neither female nor male. This tradition goes back to at least the 1400s, and is still practiced.[3][4]
  • butch.[1] A queer masculine gender identity or expression, which some see as a nonbinary gender. In Nonbinary Stats Survey 2016, only 5 respondents labeled their gender identity as butch, but it is very common in the wider LGBT community.

D

  • demigender.[1] An umbrella term for nonbinary gender identities that have a partial connection to a certain gender, such as demiboy (male-like, or both male and genderless)[5][1], and demigirl (female-like, or both female and genderless.[6]). In Nonbinary Stats Survey 2016, 452 respondents identified as demigender.

E

  • enby (plural: enbies).[1] Created in 2013 by a nonbinary person named vector, going by the username revolutionator.[7] Based on an initialism of "non-binary," "NB". A common noun for a person with a nonbinary gender identity, meaning this is the nonbinary gender equivalent of the common nouns "boy" or "girl." In Nonbinary Stats Survey 2016, 477 respondents said they identified as enbies.

F

  • fa'afafine. In Samoa, the Fa'afafine are people assigned male at birth who have a feminine gender expression, and who don't think of themselves as female or male.[8]
  • femme.[1] A queer feminine gender, which some use as a nonbinary identity. In Nonbinary Stats Survey 2016, only 14 respondents labeled their gender identities as femme, but it is very common in the wider LGBT community.

G

Asia's first genderqueer pride parade in Madurai, 2012. The person on the left carries the genderqueer pride flag (a tricolor of lavender, white, and chartreuse).
  • genderfluid, also called gender-fluid or fluid gender.[1] A gender identity that often changes, so that a person may feel one day like a boy, and another day like a girl, for example. Number of respondents who identified as genderfluid: 645 in Nonbinary Stats Survey 2013, and 942 in Nonbinary Stats Survey 2016.
  • genderflux. Coined by deergoths in 2014, who said, "Whereas genderfluidity is a shift between different genders, genderflux is more like varying intensity." A gender identity that often changes in intensity, so that a person may feel one day as though they have almost no gender, or none at all, and another day they feel very gendered.[1] In Nonbinary Stats Survey 2016, 25 respondents identified as genderflux.
  • genderless.[1] Having no gender identity. Syn. agender. In Nonbinary Stats Survey 2016, 17 respondents used the word "genderless" for their identities.
  • genderqueer[1] is a non-normative gender identity or expression. This can be either an umbrella term, or a specific identity. Number of respondents who used the word "genderqueer" for their identities: 1202 in Nonbinary Stats Survey 2013, and 1243 in Nonbinary Stats Survey 2016.

H

A Pakistani hijra at a protest between two hijra groups from Islamabad and Rawalpindi. 2008.
  • Hijra. In south Asian countries including India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, the Hijra are people assigned male at birth who have a feminine gender expression. This is a very ancient tradition. Today, Hijra are legally recognized as a gender other than female or male.[9][10][11][12][13][14] In 1996, there were an estimated 50,000 hijra in India alone.[15]

I

  • intergender.[1] Coined in the 1990s or earlier. A certain nonbinary gender identity in between female and male. In the 1990s, this was an identity label that any person could use, even if they were born with non-intersex (dyadic) bodies,[16] but others say it should only be used by people who were born with intersex bodies. Number of survey respondents who identified as intergender: 46 in Nonbinary Stats Survey 2013, and 47 in Nonbinary Stats Survey 2016.

M

  • Māhū. In Hawaii, the Māhū is a nonbinary gender role, made of people who can be either AFAB or AMAB. This tradition existed before Western invaders, and survives today.[17]
  • maverique.[1] Coined by Vesper H. (queerascat) in 2014. A specific nonbinary gender identity "characterized by autonomy and inner conviction regarding a sense of self that is entirely independent of male/masculinity, female/femininity or anything which derives from the two while still being neither without gender nor of a neutral gender."[18] In Nonbinary Stats Survey 2016, 12 respondents identified as maverique.

N

  • neutral, or gender neutral.[1] 1. Having no gender identity. 2. Having a gender identity that is neutral: not female, not male, not a mix. In Nonbinary Stats Survey 2013, 348 respondents labeled their gender identity as neutral. In Nonbinary Stats Survey 2016, 420 respondents used the word "neutral" for their gender identities.
  • neutrois.[1] Coined by a neutrois person named H. A. Burnham in 1995.[19] Having one non-binary gender identity that is neutral. Not female, not male, and not a mix. Some neutrois people are transsexual, experience gender dysphoria, and want to get a physical transition.[20] Number of survey respondents who identified as neutrois: 144 in Nonbinary Stats Survey 2013, and 207 in Nonbinary Stats Survey 2016.
  • ninauposkitzipxpe. In North America, the Blackfoot Confederacy recognizes a gender called ninauposkitzipxpe, "manly-hearted women," who are assigned female at birth, and occupy a gender role different from that of women and men.[21]
  • nonbinary[1] is an umbrella term for all who don't identify as just female or male. Though there are many kinds of nonbinary gender identities, some people identify as "nonbinary" only, or in addition to other labels for their gender identity. Number of survey respondents who used the word "nonbinary" for their gender identity: 796 in Nonbinary Stats Survey 2013, and 1975 in Nonbinary Stats Survey 2016.

Q

  • quariwarmi. In Peru, the pre-colonial Incas recognized quariwarmi, a nonbinary mixed-gender role.[22]
  • queer.[1] A reclaimed slur for the LGBT+ community, and an umbrella term for identities that are not heterosexual and/or not cisgender. Some people use this as the name for their nonbinary gender identity.

S

  • sekhet. In ancient Egypt (Middle Kingdom, 2000-1800 BCE), there were said to be three genders of humans: men, sekhet, and women, in that order. Archaeologists differ about the meaning. Sekhet is usually translated as "eunuch," but that's likely an oversimplification, and there's little evidence they were castrated. It may also mean cisgender gay men, in the sense of not having children.[23] Although we aren't sure of the definition, it was nonetheless a separate category of gender.

T

Two-spirited pride marchers at San Francisco Pride 2014.
  • third gender. Number of survey respondents who used the words "third gender" for themselves: 87 in Nonbinary Stats Survey 2013, and 84 in Nonbinary Stats Survey 2016.
  • trans feminine, or transfeminine.[1] A transgender person who transitions in a feminine direction, but who doesn't necessarily identify as female. They may have a non-binary gender identity. In Nonbinary Stats Survey 2016, 200 respondents identified as transfeminine.
  • trans masculine, or transmasculine. In Nonbinary Stats Survey 2016, 434 respondents identified as transmasculine.
  • Two-Spirit, formerly called berdache. Hundreds of cultures throughout North and South America have traditional gender roles for gay and transgender people, including nonbinary people. In 1990, they chose "Two-Spirit" to use internationally as the modern English umbrella term for these roles.[24]

X

  • X-gender (Xジェンダー, X-jendā). In Japan, this transgender identity isn't female or male. As an umbrella term, it's analogous to genderqueer or nonbinary. OTo describe their transition, they use the terms FTX (female-to-X-gender), MTX (male-to-X-gender), and XTX (undisclosed gender or intersex to X-gender). On the Japanese social network site, Ameba, over 15,000 members are X-gender.[25]

Y

Jia Baoyu, the main character of the 18th century novel, The Dream of the Red Chamber. He is described in the story as a yinyang ren, and is based on the novel's author, Cao Xueqin.
  • yinyang ren (陰陽人). In China, the traditional category of yinyang ren are people who have an equal amount of both feminine (yin) and masculine (yang) qualities. Usually this means gender nonconforming and bisexual, but can also mean transgender or intersex. In the former sense, scholars have applied it to important semi-historical figures, including Hua Mulan (c. 386–536 CE) and Cao Xueqin (c. 1724 – 1763 CE).

See also

References

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 NB/GQ Survey 2016 - the worldwide results, March 2016.
  2. Schneider, M., et al, American Psychological Association, APA Task Force on Gender Identity, Gender Variance, and Intersex Conditions, 2008 Answers to Your Questions ABOUT TRANSGENDER PEOPLE, GENDER IDENTITY, AND GENDER EXPRESSION (PDF), date unknown, captured April 2016.
  3. Whitaker, (1984) p. 146
  4. Shaw (2005) p. 74
  5. Definitions Master List, asexualityorg proboards, posted August 2012, captured April 2016.
  6. AVEN: Definitions Master List
  7. vector (revolutionator). Untitled post, September 2013. revolutionator's blog is password-protected, but the post has been reblogged many times, eg: here, date unknown, captured April 2016.
  8. "The evolutionary puzzle of homosexuality", BBC News, Feb 2014.
  9. Reddy, Gayatri, With Respect to Sex: Negotiating Hijra Identity in South India, 310 pp., University of Chicago Press, 2005 ISBN 0-226-70755-5 (see p. 8)
  10. "India's third gender gets own identity in voter rolls", Harmeet Shah Singh, CNN.com, Nov. 2009
  11. Mitch Kellaway. "Trans Indian's Predicament at Border Shows the U.S. Lags Behind." May 9, 2015. Advocate. http://www.advocate.com/politics/transgender/2015/05/09/trans-indian-womans-predicament-border-shows-us-lags-behind
  12. "Pakistan Recognizes Third Gender", Ria Misra, Politics Daily, Dec. 2009
  13. "Hijras now a separate gender", Mohosinul Karim, Dhaka Tribune, Nov. 2013
  14. http://www.attn.com/stories/868/transgender-passport-status
  15. "Hijra." Encyclopedia of World Cultures. 1996. http://www.encyclopedia.com/philosophy-and-religion/islam/islam/hijra
  16. Donna Lynn Matthews, “What is intergendered?” 1998-10. http://cydathria.com/ms_donna/intergen.html
  17. The men-women of the Pacific, tate.org.uk/Tate Britain, archive URL 6 March 2015.
  18. maverique, Vesper H. (queerascat), June 2014, captured April 2016.
  19. Axey, Qwill, Rave, and Luscious Daniel, eds. “FAQ.” Neutrois Outpost. Last updated 2000-11-23. Retrieved 2001-03-07. [1]
  20. Define, Neutrois Nonsense, date unknown, captured April 2016.
  21. Gender Identity and Historical Context in Native Cultures by Emily Zogbi on 15 December 2014.
  22. Horswell, Michael J. (2006). Transculturating Tropes of Sexuality, Tinkuy, and Third Gender in the Andes, introduction to "Decolonizing the Sodomite: Queer Tropes of Sexuality in Colonial Andean Culture". ISBN 0-292-71267-7. Article online.
  23. Egyptian Third Gender, gendertree.com, last modified December 2013, captured April 2016.
  24. Eve Shapiro, Gender circuits: Bodies and identities in a technological age. Unpaged.
  25. Marilyn Roxie. "Selected links on nonbinary gender in Japan." March 28, 2013. http://genderqueerid.com/post/46526429887/selected-links-on-non-binary-gender-in-japan